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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2577\margr4733\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2577\margrsxn4733\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 io longer the means to an  end, but an  end in}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li2\fi0\ri29\sb233\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 lis is, however, only one side of the shield. The \expndtw-5 s essentially one of intellectual ferment, and while \expndtw1 ests were firmly entrenching themselves behind \expndtw-3 It of the sacrifice., some of the best minds among \expndtw-4 le Brahmans and the Ksatriyas were turning away \expndtw9 it\super 1\nosupersub  and seeking peace and salvation in true \expndtw0 *dge \i (jndna). \i0 Their bold philosophical specula-\expndtw-8 re embedded in, the \i Upanisads, \i0 like the \i Chdndogya \i0\expndtw-7 .e \i 'Brihaddranyaka, \i0 which later on gave rise to /the \expndtw0 >al schools of Hindu philosophy \i (Darsana$\\ ^dnkhya, Yoga, Nyaja, Vaisesika, Purva \i0 and \i\expndtw1 -mlmdnsd. \i0 Striving restlessly to solve the riddle \expndtw18 e universe and to grasp the nature of the \expndtw5 the Aryan mind enunciated the great doctrine \expndtw4 ;he ultimate reality was one, \i J^rahman. \i0 True \expndtw6 edge alone led to infinite bliss by the absorp-\expndtw4 )f the individual \i dtman \i0 in the world \i Aiman* \i0\expndtw17 aatural corollary of this doctrine was the \expndtw14 of transmigration, and the belief gained \expndtw-3 d that until release was obtained by \i jndna, \i0 the \expndtw4 remained a prey to endless births and deaths. \expndtw-1 were regulated by one's own deeds\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 an idea, \expndtw0 marks the beginning of the doctrine of \i "Karma, \i0\expndtw-1 3 act, good or bad, is ever lost, and it must bear \expndtw1 >per fruit in the cycle of existence.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li10\fi0\ri0\sb134\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex80\expndtw11\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 ss of Knowledge}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li10\fi0\ri0\sb82\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 'he mental stir of this epoch led to progress of}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li53\fi0\ri0\sb211\sa0\sl-199\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 ;.g., the \i Mundaka Upanhad \i0 (i, 2, 7) dubs   those devoted \expndtw2 to ceremonies and ritual as fools.    Similarly, the \i Brihada-}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li96\fi0\ri0\sb2\sa0\sl-199\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 compares one performing sacrifices to gods to an animal}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li12\fi108\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-199\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw10\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 the needs or comforts of his owner, \expndtw3 "he pithy expression \i Tat tvam asi\sub y\nosupersub  \i0 "That art thou," beauti-\expndtw2 ms up the Vedanta position of the identity of the individual \expndtw7 ith the world Soul.}\par }